In Texas, child labor laws are enforced by the Texas Workforce Commission. These laws set standards for the employment of minors, which are individuals under the age of 18.
Here are some key provisions of Texas child labor laws:
- Age requirements: Children under the age of 14 generally may not be employed in Texas, with a few exceptions for certain types of work such as newspaper delivery or performing in entertainment. Minors aged 14 or 15 may work, but there are restrictions on the number of hours they can work and the times of day they can work. Minors aged 16 or 17 may work unlimited hours, but there are still restrictions on certain types of work.
- Work permits: Minors aged 14 or 15 who are seeking employment in Texas must obtain a work permit from their school district. The permit must be signed by the minor’s parent or guardian and the employer.
- Hour restrictions: Minors aged 14 or 15 may not work during school hours and may not work more than 8 hours per day or 48 hours per week during non-school weeks. Minors aged 16 or 17 may work any hours of the day or night, but they may not work in certain hazardous occupations.
- Hazardous occupations: There are certain occupations that minors are prohibited from working in Texas, including jobs that involve explosives, roofing, mining, or using certain types of power-driven machinery.
It’s important for employers and parents to understand these laws and ensure that minors are not being exploited or put in danger by working in violation of Texas child labor laws.